The revolt is one of the most important events in indias freedom struggle. List of important eventshappening between 18571947. This angered the indians and they revolted and this led to the war in 1857. The indian rebellion of 1857 is also called the indian mutiny, the sepoy mutiny, indias first war of independence or indias first struggle for independence. In order to open the cartridges and load the rifles, soldiers known as sepoys had. It began when indian troops sepoys in the service of britains east india company refused to use purportedly tainted weaponry.
A sepoy, mangal pandey on 29 th march 1857, killed senior officers on parade and started the revolt. In this article of target general studies, we have covered a very important topic the vellore mutiny and the revolt of 1857 in british india. The university of calcutta is formally founded as the first fullyfledged university in south asia 3rd march. Learn about 60 famous, scandalous and important events that happened in 1857 or search by date or keyword. Indian rebellion of 1857 timeline timetoast timelines. France and the united kingdom declare war on china. The revolt of 1857 gave a severe jolt to the british administration in india and made its reorganization inevitable. One of the important events of indian history is the revolt of 1857. This article provides all relevant information related to the revolt of 1857 and its causes and effects. Main events of the revolt 1857 the capture of delhi the britishers finally attacked delhi in september.
The indian rebellion of 1857 was a major, but ultimately unsuccessful, uprising in india in. May 28, 2018 there are various views regarding events of 1857. The main causes of the war were political, social, economical, military and religious. On 24 th april 1857 about ninety men of the native cavalry stationed at meerut refused to accept the greased cartridges. Brigadier general james neill arrives at allahabad. The indian rebellion of 1857 had diverse political, economic, military, religious and social causes an uprising in several sepoy companies of the bengal army was sparked by the issue of new gunpowder cartridges for the enfield rifle february, 1857. Mangal pandey was an indian soldier who played an important role in incidents prior to the uprising of 1857, known by different names like the indian rebellion of 1857, the sepoy mutiny and indias first war of independence. What were the main events that happened during the revolt. Soon there was a rebellion in the meerut cantonment. The revolt marked the end of the east india companys rule in india. This video explained about very important historical events in chronological order from 1757 to 1947 in modern history. The feelings of the unrest that was growing among the indians finally got manifested in the form of revolt of 1857.
May 15, 2019 thus the events of 1857 demonstrated that the people and politics of india were not basically communal before 1858. This important event caused a political and economic conflicts and lead directly to the mutiny and rebellion the very next year in 1857. The great uprising of 1857 was an important landmark in the history of modern india. Revolt of 1857 causes, impact, failure, list of important. At kanpur the struggle for independence was led by nana sahib dondu pant. Indian mutiny, widespread but unsuccessful rebellion begun in 1857 against british rule in india.
Jul 08, 2019 the revolt of 1857 covered the way for the future struggle for freedom in india. This war was fought in 1857 by indians against the british in order to get rid of their domination. Abbas ali proclaims himself the ruler in moradabad. Everyone breathed a sigh of relief as it appeared that the compound might be. What were the main events that happened during the revolt of 1857. Timeline 1857 to 1947 fazeel history of subcontinent. Oct 17, 2011 the tenure of dalhousie was pathetic as far as concerns of the indian natives are concerned. The main event which became the immediate cause of the war was the refusal of the. Now we will discuss below the major events and personalities connected with the 1857 revolt. The company had upgraded to the new pattern 1853 enfield rifle, which used greased paper cartridges. One of the most important events of the 19th century was the rise of indian nationalism, leading indians to seek first selfrule and later complete independence. The revolutionaries reached from meerut to delhi on 11th may. Loading the enfield required tearing open the greased. It began in meerut and later spread to delhi, agra, kanpur, and lucknow.
Savarkar also known as swatantrya veer savarkar called it as indias first war of independence. Oct 12, 2017 in the last post on the 1857 revolt we had gone into the causes and circumstances leading to the outbreak of first war of indian independence. The 1857 fort tejon earthquake known as fort tejon earthquake strikes california, registering an estimated magnitude of 7. These animals are either religious or unclean for indians. Top 10 most important events of indian history omg top. The indian public which does not like sudden changes was applied with the new laws and customs which were anathema to the indian society. It was the first rebellion against the east india company which took the massive form. The revolt of 1857 also regarded as indias first war of independece was an extremely important event in indian history. Nana sahib joins the rebels and is proclaimed peshwa. This is an important topic for the civil services exam and other government exams. Sepoys in the presidency of bengal revolted against their british officers. When soldiers of the bengal army mutinied in meerut on may 10, 1857, tension had been growing for some time. Important events from 18571947 1857 mutiny against the british 1858 government of india act 1858 1861 indian council act 1861 1885 indian national congress is founded by a.
Feb 01, 2018 the revolt of 1857 also regarded as indias first war of independece was an extremely important event in indian history. However, historians are divided over the causes of its rise. Mar 23, 2019 revolt of 1857 event in indian history was an important landmark. Download revolt of 1857 notes pdf from the link given below. Far more important than the direct results were the indirect ones which followed the revolt of 1857. The revolt of 1857 indias first war of independence. It was the first satyagraha inspired by mahatma gandhi. Which among the following was not an economic cause of the revolt of 1857. Edward elgar 1857 1934 joseph conrad 1857 1924 milton s. The revolt of 1857 the ist war of independence modern. The immediate cause of military disaffection was the deployment of the new breechloading enfield rifle, the cartridge of which was purportedly greased with pork and beef fat. You can rely on this course for your civil services preparation. Timeline of the indian rebellion of 1857 wikipedia.
A timeline of the indian rebellion of 1857 which began as a mutiny of sepoys of british east india company s army on 10 may 1857, in the town of meerut, and soon erupted into other mutinies and civilian rebellions largely in the upper gangetic plain and central india. Savarkar also known as swatantrya veer savarkar called it as indias first war of indepe. The indian sepoys in meerut murdered their british officers and broke open the jail. The rebellion at cawnpore began on the night of 5 june but there was no allout assault on the compound. Muslim league was founded at decca on 31st december. Important events from 18471947 history subcontinent. The indian mutiny, also known as the sepoy mutiny, ignited the first spark of the revolution. It was started by the sepoy of the company which arouses the gathered grievances of the people against the company administration and of their dislike.
For all indian national movement study material pdf click here. Revolt of 1857 event in indian history was an important landmark. Immediate causes of revolt of 1857 for upsc ias exam. The pretext for revolt was the introduction of the new enfield rifle. The 1857 revolt which had forged an unshakable unity amongst hindus and muslims alike, was an important milestone in our freedom struggle providing hope and inspiration for future generations of freedom lovers. Timeline of indian history from 1857 to 1947 revolt to. The 1857 revolt has been termed as the first war of independence by many historians as it was the first uprising to take place simultaneously in many places across india against the colonial rule. In fact, the revolt of 1857 played an important role in bringing the indian people together and imparting to them the consciousness of belonging to one country. Modern indian history chronology of important events. Everyone breathed a sigh of relief as it appeared that the. Thus the events of 1857 demonstrated that the people and politics of india were not basically communal before 1858. It is also given names as indian rebellion, indian mutiny as well as indian revolt. His name has become synonymous with the revolt of 1857. List of important eventshappening between 18571947 maryam.
The revolt of 1857 is an important marker in indian history and is an area where questions have repeatedly featured in the upsc civil services prelims and civil services mains examinations conducted by the union public service commission upsc. What were the main events that happened during the revolt of. In the last post on the 1857 revolt we had gone into the causes and circumstances leading to the outbreak of first war of indian independence. Major events in revolt of 1857, major events in revolt of 1857. Britishers call this revolt the indian mutiny as they considered the events of 1857 as a revolt against their authority over india. In this post, we will know which were the storm centres of the 1857 mutiny and who were the main leaders at these storm centres. The immediate cause of the indian revolt of 1857, or sepoy mutiny, was a seemingly minor change in the weapons used by the british east india companys troops. India the mutiny and great revolt of 185759 britannica.
It is cumulative effect of the policies of the east india company at that time and many provinces were at unrest due to fear and maybe due to watching them grow in power with modern artillerieswarfare techniques. The meerut mutiny may 9, 1857 marked the beginning of the revolt of 1857. What are the main causes of the revolt of 1857 in india. D increased pressure on agricultural land view answer hide answer. However, the aftermath of the 1857 revolt also brought about dramatic changes in colonial rule. Hershey 1857 1945 robert badenpowell 1857 1941 tim keefe 1857 1933 william howard taft 1857 1930 more famous birthdays. A timeline of the indian rebellion of 1857 which began as a mutiny of sepoys of british east. Important events from 18571947 and causes of the war. This incident sparked off a general mutiny among the sepoys of meerut. It is a long struggle for freedom which i have described in this course in a very simple way. One consequence of the mutiny was the establishment of direct british governance of india. The reason for this is because no questions were asked about the lack of heirs since the nawab ruler was simply accused of misgovernment and the state was finally annexed against his will.
The revolt of 1857 in india study notes history discussion. India now came under the direct rule of the british crown. Jan 05, 2015 it is cumulative effect of the policies of the east india company at that time and many provinces were at unrest due to fear and maybe due to watching them grow in power with modern artillerieswarfare techniques. Decisive events of the indian mutiny national army museum. The revolt of 1857 also regarded as indias ist war of independence was a significant event in indian history. In the post revolt period, to maintain supremacy in india, british followed the policy of communal disharmony. War of independence is an important landmark in the history of subcontinent. It was started by the sepoy of the company which arouses the gathered grievances of the people against the company administration and of their dislike for the foreign administration.
In the end, british imperialism, with a developing capitalist economy and at the height of its power the world over and supported by most of the indian princes and chiefs, proved. Indian modern history is full of important events and movements which describe the whole national movement for independence. The cartridges were rumoured to have been made from cow and sow fat. It has been observed that in the last year papers of competitive exams, there are 12 questions asked from revolt of 1857, its causes and leaders. The main military cause was the introduction of a new rifle. On 10th may 1857, the indian soldiers at meerut broke into open revolt. There was a brief exchange of small arms fire and the occasional artillery shell but it seemed as if no one knew who was shooting at whom and by the morning it appeared that most of the sepoy regiments had fled.
The main persons behind this rebellion were the soldiers sepoy. It began on 10 may 1857 at meerut, as a mutiny of sepoys of the british east india companys army. A heavy taxation b but down on major patronage for artisans and handicrafts c increasing availability of market for indian cotton. A timeline of the indian rebellion of 1857 which began as a mutiny of sepoys of british east india companys army on 10 may 1857, in the town of meerut, and soon erupted into other mutinies and civilian rebellions largely in the upper gangetic plain and central india.
Aug 14, 2019 timeline of indian history from 1857 to 1947. Consequencesrevolt of 1857 in india english summary. But the revolt did not remain limited to the soldiers, later it spread and took. Indian rebellion of 1857 this event was also called indias first war of independence, the great rebellion, the indian mutiny, or the sepoy mutiny. Indian rebellion of 1857 simple english wikipedia, the.
Jan 24 university of calcutta founded as the first fullfledged university in south asia. A timeline of the indian rebellion of 1857 which began as a mutiny of sepoys of. Some of historian called it as sepoy mutiny or revolt or uprising. On 10 may 1857, these rebel soldiers killed their british officers, released their imprisoned comrades and hoisted the flag of revolt. The revolt of 1857 further widened the difference between the ruler and the ruled. Feb 26, 1857 sepoys refuse rifle practice the mutiny broke out in the bengal army because it was only in the military sphere that indians were organized. Very important points about the indian revolt of 1857. The sepoy mutiny was a violent and very bloody uprising against british rule in india in 1857.
May 30, 2007 the 1857 revolt which had forged an unshakable unity amongst hindus and muslims alike, was an important milestone in our freedom struggle providing hope and inspiration for future generations of freedom lovers. In the postrevolt period, to maintain supremacy in india, british followed the policy of. Historical events for the year 1857 9th january the 1857 fort tejon earthquake known as fort tejon earthquake strikes california, registering an estimated magnitude of 7. The revolt of 1857 is known byindian historians as war of independence as it was an attempt for the indians to throw off the shackles of foreign domination. Jun 25, 2019 the sepoy mutiny was a violent and very bloody uprising against british rule in india in 1857.
Very soon after the events at meerut, rebellion erupted in the state of awadh also known as oudh, in modernday uttar pradesh, which had been. On 9 may 1857, they were severely punished for this. It was initiated by the sepoy of the company which arouses the. The revolt of 1857 is considered the foundation of indian nationalism, and is often regarded as our first war of independence. The storm centres of 1857 revolt and leaders ias kracker. Hume 1905 partition of bengal announced 1906 muslim league was founded at decca on 31st december. Changes made in the british indian army after the revolt of 1857. Following the outbreak of the indian mutiny at meerut in may 1857, uprisings occurred across northern and central india. On 24 april 1857, some soldiers stationed at meerut also refused to use the cartridges.541 35 293 1171 616 358 331 544 102 1179 876 682 1387 1425 1471 750 1480 456 430 202 1389 1427 1201 1234 1620 1308 101 598 1044 236 894 689 49 1470 1448 343 1345 441 1267 769 414 79 394 24 336 181